What is a bone graft?

Bone grafting is a method used to build bone in your jawbone when there is not enough bone to place implants in your jaw. Bone loss can be caused by tooth infection, gum disease, excessive bone removal during extraction or when teeth have been removed for many years. There are different types of bone grafts depending on how much bone is needed to restore the jawbone so an implant can be placed.

The simplest bone graft is a socket preservation graft. The procedure involves placing donor bone or your own bone into an extraction site to preserve the integrity of the site so an implant can be placed later. If there is significant bone loss, a block of bone taken from your jaw, knee or hip, can be used to rebuild the lost bone.

Each method has advantages and disadvantages. Some carry more risk than others. Drs. Hall and Sy will discuss each method so you can decide which suits you best.

Do all cases need a bone graft?

No. Not all cases need a bone graft. However, if you are missing bone in certain areas, a bone graft will be needed before an implant can be placed.

What are the different types of bone grafts?

Bone can be obtained from three main sources: animal, human or your own body. Each type of bone has its advantages and disadvantages, but the bottom line is that they are all safe and effective for their purposes. All bone graft material goes through a rigorous process of repeated washings and testing before they are approved and deemed safe for human implantation. The chances of transmitting any sort of infectious disease is exceedingly small (some studies quote one in billions chance). If you have a religious or personal preference not to receive certain bone graft material, please tell the doctors at your consultation visit.

What is PRF?

Platelet rich fibrin (PRF) is the second-generation line of platelet derived growth factors. Numerous studies in various well respected medical and dental literature have shown that these growth factors help create healthier, denser bone and soft tissue. Before the bone grafting procedure starts, blood is drawn and (using a very specific protocol) it is centrifuged. The resulting PRF layer is then mixed with the donor bone before being placed into the recipient site. All of this is done on site at Drs. Hall and Sy’s office.